Source:

Sämtliche schriften und briefe series VI volume 4
Deutsche Akademie der Wissenschaften (ed)
pp 2354-5



Date: autumn 1685 - spring 1686 (?)

Translated from the Latin



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LEIBNIZ: THEOLOGICAL PROPOSITIONS


[A VI 4, p2354]

     Although the vulgate version of Scripture was declared authentic in the Council of Trent, it is not to be understood as though this version never departs from the original, but because the Church knows for certain that the difference, so far as it concerns the matter of faith and customs, is of no importance. And hence it has declared that this version can be safely consulted.
     When saints are invoked, we should be careful that we do not attribute greater mercy to them than to God. For mercy is a kind of virtue, and God possesses virtues in the highest degree.
     The assistance of the Saints consists in intervention.
     The church has not determined whether the punishment of purgatory consists in fire, properly speaking.
     It is useful that a communion under each system is permitted to peoples, in particular to those who have been accustomed to it.
     Also, the marriage of clerics will be permitted on occasion, correctly.

[A VI 4, p2355]

     A free choice does not conflict with this necessity to favour something, a necessity that arises from a clear appearance of a greater good, for a choice tends by own nature to the apparent best, and the formal object of the will is the apparent good. However, a lesser good has the character of evil.
     No one can be justified without a true love of God.
     In the Eucharist, adoration should not be restricted to the visible and sensible qualities of the object, as it were, but in the present God.


© Lloyd Strickland 2007
With thanks to Peter Pike for advice and suggestions